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About Ghana

A profile of the Republic

Welcome to Ghana

A country on the West Coast of Africa is undoubtedly, one of the most thriving democracies on the African continent. It is often described as the oasis of peace, bastion of democracy and beacon of hope on the Continent due to its enviable democratic ideals. It shares boundaries with Togo, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and the Gulf of Guinea to the east, west, north and south respectively.

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The country’s economy is dominated by agriculture, which employs some 40 to 50% of the working population. Ghana is one of the leading exporters of cocoa in the World and also, a significant exporter of gold, timber, bauxite, aluminum, tuna, manganese, diamonds, ore and a host of horticultural produce.

Ghana, recently discovered oil in commercial quantities and has since joined the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Companies (OPEC) as an oil exporter. Ghana is known for diverse wildlife, old forts and secluded beaches. Also, its coastal towns like Elmina and Cape Coast contain a number of native shrines, colonial buildings and castles-turned-museums that serve as testimonials to the slave trade.

The country covers an estimated total area of 238,500 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 28 million people, drawn from some seventy-five (75) ethnic groups, each with its own unique language and cultural heritage. English, however, is the official language of Ghana, which is a legacy of British colonial rule. The language (English) is thus, universally used in schools in addition to nine other local languages including Akan, Dagaare/Wale, Ga, Dagbani, Ewe, Gonja, Kasem, Nzema and Dangme.

On the 6th of March, 1957, Ghana, which was formerly known as Gold Coast, became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain Independence through the gallantry of persons like Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, J.B. Danquah, Obetsebi Lamptey, AkoAdjei, Paa grant, William OforiAttah and Edward Akufo-Addo among other seasoned nationalists and forebears.

After leading the country for some nine years, the nation’s founding president, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, was overthrown in a military coup d’etat in 1966. After Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana was ruled by series of military despots with intermittent experiments with democratic rule, most of whichwere curtailed by military takeovers.

However, the latest and most enduring democratic experiment in the country’s history started in 1992, with the advent of the nation’s fourth republican dispensation, which has gained recognition for the country as a leading democracy in Africa. The President of the country is His Excellency Nana Addo-Danquah Akufo-Addo, who was sworn into office on January 7, 2017. Ghana is divided into ten (10) administrative regions with Accra, as its national capital and most populous city.

Other major towns and cities in the country include Kumasi, Tamale, Cape Coast, Takoradi, Obuasi, Koforidua, Ho, Bolgatanga, Wa, Tema among others. Ghana produced the first black Secretary General of the United Nation (UN), Mr. Kofi Anan, a renowned diplomat, who was the Head of the world’s largest political organization from January 1997 to December 2007.

 

On the 6th of March, 1957, Ghana, which was formerly known as Gold Coast, became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain Independence through the gallantry of persons like Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, J.B. Danquah, Obetsebi Lamptey, AkoAdjei, Paa grant, William OforiAttah and Edward Akufo-Addo among other seasoned nationalists and forebears.

 

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Information Drive, Education Close, Off Barnes Road, Adabraka, Accra - Ghana

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